Anna University Syllabus
Anna University Syllabus for ECE 4th semester . Share this with your friends via Facebook , Twitter & Google + . If you have any queries , do post your comments.
ANNA UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS
SEMESTER : IV
REGULATION : R2008
BRANCH : ECE ( ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING )
for ANNA UNIV , CHENNAI , TRICHY , TIRUNELVELI , MADURAI , COIMBATOR
|MA9263||Probability and Random Processes|
|EC9251||Digital Electronics and System Design|
|EC9252||Electronic Circuits- II|
|EC9255||Computer Architecture and organization|
|EC9256||Electronics Circuits- II Lab|
|EC9257||Digital System Lab|
|GE9371||Communication Skills and Soft Skills lab|
MA 9263 PROBABILITY AND RANDOM PROCESSES L T P C
3 1 0 4
To provide the necessary basic concepts in probability and random processes for applications such as random signals, linear systems etc. in communications engineering.
- The students will have an exposure of various distribution functions and help in acquiring skills in handling situations involving more than one variable.
- Able to analyze the response of random inputs to linear time invariant systems.
UNIT I RANDOM VARIABLES 9 + 3
Discrete and Continuous random variables – Moments – Moment generating functions – Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma, Weibull and Normal distributions – Functions of a random variable.
UNIT II TWO-DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES 9 + 3
Joint distributions – Marginal and Conditional distributions – Covariance – Correlation and Linear regression – Transformation of random variables – Central limit theorem (for independent and identically distributed random variables).
UNIT III RANDOM PROCESSES 9 + 3
Classification – Stationary process – Markov process – Poisson process – Random telegraph process.
UNIT IV CORRELATION AND SPECTRAL DENSITIES 9 + 3
Auto-correlation functions – Cross-correlation functions – Properties – Power spectral density – Cross-spectral density – Properties.
UNIT V LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS 9 + 3
Linear time invariant system – System transfer function – Linear systems with random inputs – Auto-correlation and Cross-correlation functions of input and output
– White noise.
L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL : 60 PERIODS
1. Ibe, O.C.,“Fundamentals of Applied Probability and Random Processes”, Elsevier, 1st Indian Reprint, (2007).
2. Peebles, P.Z., “Probability, Random Variables and Random Signal Principles”, Tata McGraw Hill, 4th edition, New Delhi, (2002).
1. Yates, R.D. and Goodman, D.J., “Probability and Stochastic Processes”, John Wiley and Sons, 2nd edition, (2005).
2. Stark, H. and Woods, J.W., “Probability and Random Processes with
Applications to Signal Processing”, Pearson Education, Asia, 3rd edition, (2002).
3. Miller, S.L. and Childers, D.G.,“Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing and Communications”, Academic Press, (2004).
4. Hwei Hsu, “Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of Probability, Random
Variables and Random Processes”, Tata McGraw Hill edition, New Delhi, (2004).
|EC 9251||DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND SYSTEM DESIGN||L T P C|
|3 1 0 4|
BASIC CONCEPTS AND COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS
Number Systems – n’s complement –Codes – Sum of products and product of sums,
Minterms and Maxterms, Karnaugh map and Tabulation method – problem formulation and design of combinational circuits, Adder, Subtractor, Encoder/decoder, – three state devices, Priority Encoder, Mux/Demux, Code- converters, Comparators, Implementation of combinational logic using standard ICs, ROM, EPROM and EEPROM – Coding of Combination Circuits in verilog.
UNIT II SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 9
Flip flops – SR, JK, T, D, Master/Slave FF, Triggering of FF, Analysis of clocked sequential circuits – their design, state minimization, moore/mealy model, state assignment, circuit implementation, Registers- shift registers, Ripple counters, Synchronous counters, Timing signal, RAM, Memory decoding, Semiconductor memories – Feedback sequential- Circuit analysis and design- sequential circuit design with verilog.
UNIT III FUNDAMENTAL MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 9
Stable, Unstable states, output specifications, cycles and races, state reduction, race free assignments, Hazards, Essential Hazards, Pulse mode sequential circuits, Design of Hazard free circuit
UNIT IV MEMORY, CPLDs AND FPGAs 9
ROM, Read/Write memory – Static RAM, Dynamic RAM, PAL, PLA, CPLD – FPGA XL 4000 –
CLBs – I/O Block – Programmable Inter connects– Realization of simple combinational and
UNIT V LOGIC GATES 9
Logic families- TTL, NMOS, CMOS, BiCMOS logic-Electrical behavior-static, dynamic-CMOS input and output structures-CMOS logic families -low voltage CMOS logic & interfacing-Bipolar logic Realization of NAND and NOR logic.
L : 45, P: 15 TOTAL : 60 PERIODS
1. Morris Mano, “ Digital logic ”, Prentice Hall of India, 1998
2. John. F. Wakerly, “Digital design principles and practices”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition, 2007 .
3. Charles H. Roth, Jr, “Fundamentals of Logic Design”, Fourth edition, Jaico
1 William I. Fletcher, “An Engineering Approach to Digital Design”, Prentice- Hall of India, 1980
2 Floyd T.L., “Digital Fundamentals”, Charles E. Merril publishing company, 1982
3 Jain R.P., “Modern Digital Electronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1999.
EC 9252 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS II L T P C
3 1 0 4
Anna University Syllabus for ECE
UNIT I FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND STABILITY 9
Basic feedback concepts – Properties of Negative feedback – Four feedback topologies with amplifier circuit. Examples – Analysis of series – shunt feedback amplifiers – stability problem – Frequency compensation.
UNIT II OSCILLATORS 9
Barkhausen criteria for oscillator – Analysis of RC oscillators – Phase shift Wein bridge oscillators – LC oscillators – Colpitt, Hartley, Clapp, Crystal , Armstrong, Franklin and Ring Oscillators
UNIT III TUNED AMPLIFIERS 9
Basic principles – Inductor losses – Use of transformers – Single tuned amplifier frequency analysis – Amplifier with multiple tuned circuits – Cascade – Synchronous tuning – Stagger tuning – Stability of tuned amplifiers using Neutralization techniques.
UNIT IV MULTIVIBRATORS AND TIME BASE GENERATORS 9
Switching characteristics of transistors – Bistable, Monostable and Astable operation
– Collector coupled and Emitter coupled circuits – Schmitt trigger – Voltage sweep generators – Current sweep generators
UNIT V RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES 9
Halfwave and fullwave rectifiers with filters – Ripple factor – Series Voltage Regulator analysis and design – IGBT – working and characteristics – AC voltage control using thyristors – SMPS – DC/DC convertors – Buck, Boost, Buck-Boost analysis and design.
L:45,T:15 TOTAL: 60 PERIODS
1 David .A. Bell, Solid state pulse circuits, Prentice Hall of India,1992.
2. F. Bogart Jr. Electronic Devices and Circuits 6th Edition, Pearson Education,
1. Paul Gray, Hurst, Lewis, Meyer,” Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated
Circuits”, 4th Edition ,. John Willey & Sons 2005
2 . Behzad Razavi, “Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits”, Tata McGraw
3 Donald .A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design –2nd edition,Tata
McGraw Hill, 2007.
4. Adel .S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Micro Electronic circuits, 5th Edition,Oxford
University Press, 2004.
5. Muhammed H.Rashid power electronics Pearson Education / PHI , 2004
6. Jacob Millman, Taub Pulse, Digital and Switching Waveforms 2nd Edition 2007
EC 9253 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ANALOG MODULATION 9
Amplitude Modulation – AM, DSBSC, SSBSC, VSB – Angle modulation – PM and
FM –Modulators and Demodulators – Fourier Transform of modulated signals.
UNIT II RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS 9
Noise sources and types – Noise figure and noise temperature – Noise in cascaded systems – Single tuned receivers – Superheterodyne receivers
UNIT III BASEBAND TECHNIQUES 9
Review of low pass sampling – Quadrature sampling of Bandpass signals – Quantisation – Uniform and non-uniform quantisation – Quantisation noise – Companding laws of speech signals – PCM, DPCM, DM, ADPCM and ADM Multiplexing – TDM (E and T lines), FDM
UNIT IV BANDPASS SIGNALING 9
Geometric representation of signals – Correlator and matched filter – ML detection – generation and detection, PSD, BER of coherent BPSK, BFSK, QPSK – Principles of QAM – Structure of non-coherent receivers – BFSK, DPSK.
UNIT V NOISE PERFORMANCE 9
Narrow band noise – PSD of in-phase and quadrature noise – Noise performance in
AM systems – Noise performance in FM systems – Pre-emphasis and de-emphasis
– Capture effect, threshold effect.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS
1. J.G.Proakis, M.Salehi, “Fundamentals of Communication Systems” – Pearson
1. B.Sklar, “Digital Communications Fundamentals and Applications” 2/e Pearson
2. S.Haykin, “Communication Systems” 3/e, John W iley 2007
3. B.P.Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems”, 3/e, Oxford
4. D.Roody, J.Coolen, “Electronic Communications”, 4/e PHI 2006
5. H P Hsu, Schaum Outline Series – “Analog and Digital Communications” TMH
EC 9254 CONTROL SYSTEMS L T P C
3 1 0 4
UNIT I CONTROL SYSTEM MODELING 9
Basic Elements of Control System – Open loop and Closed loop systems – Differential equation – Transfer function, Modeling of Electric systems, Translational and rotational mechanical systems – Block diagram reduction Techniques – Signal flow graph
UNIT II TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9
Time response analysis – First Order Systems – Impulse and Step Response analysis of second order systems – Steady state errors – P, PI, PD and PID Compensation, Analysis using MATLAB
UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9
Frequency Response – Bode Plot, Polar Plot, Nyquist Plot – Frequency Domain specifications from the plots – Constant M and N Circles – Nichol’s Chart – Use of Nichol’s Chart in Control System Analysis. Series, Parallel, series-parallel Compensators – Lead, Lag, and Lead Lag Compensators, Analysis using MATLAB.
UNIT IV STABILITY ANALYSIS 9
Stability, Routh-Hurwitz Criterion, Root Locus Technique, Construction of Root Locus, Stability, Dominant Poles, Application of Root Locus Diagram – Nyquist Stability Criterion – Relative Stability, Analysis using MATLAB
UNIT V STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS 9
State space representation of Continuous Time systems – State equations – Transfer function from State Variable Representation – Solutions of the state equations – Concepts of Controllability and Observability – State space representation for Discrete time systems. Sampled Data control systems – Sampling Theorem – Sampler & Hold – Open loop & Closed loop sampled data systems.
L:45,T:15 TOTAL: 60 PERIODS
1. J.Nagrath and M.Gopal,” Control System Engineering”, New Age International
Publishers, 5th Edition, 2007.
1. Benjamin.C.Kuo, “Automatic control systems”, Prentice Hall of India, 7th
2. M.Gopal, “Control System – Principles and Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd
3. Schaum’s Outline Series,’Feedback and Control Systems’ Tata McGraw-Hill,
4. John J.D’azzo & Constantine H.Houpis, ’Linear control system analysis and design’, Tata McGrow-Hill, Inc., 1995.
5. Richard C. Dorf & Robert H. Bishop, “ Modern Control Systems”, Addidon – Wesley, 1999.
EC 9255 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design- Register Level, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing modes.
UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 9
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm, non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm
UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 9
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit, Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing, Nano Programming.
UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9
Random Access Memories, Serial – Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory, Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.
UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems, multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector processor.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill Third edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer
Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
1. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, “Computer Architecture”, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of
4. Miles J. Murdocca and Vincent P. Heuring, Principles of Computer Architecture, Printice Hall, 2000
5. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.
EC 9256 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS – II LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
|1.||Design and Analysis of feeback Amplifiers|
Design of RC Oscillators
Design of LC Oscillators
Design and frequency response of Tuned Amplifier
Design of Astable Multivibrator
Design of Monostable Multivibrator
Design of Schmitt trigger, hysterisis
AC voltage control using thyristors
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
EC 9257 DIGITAL SYSTEM LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
1 Implementation of simple Boolean expression using universal gates
2 Priority encoder
3 2 to 4 MUX and implementation of combination logic
4 JK and RS flip flop implementation using logic gates
5 Synchronous up/down counter
6 BCD ripple counter with 7 segment display
7 Ring counters
8 Data transfer using shift registers
9 Half adder and Full adder
10 Binary 4 bit parallel adder
11. System Design using VeriLog
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
|GE 9371||COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND SOFT SKILLS||L T P C|
|FIFTH / SIXTH SEMESTER||0 0 2 1|
To enhance the overall capability of students and to equip them with the necessary
Communication Skills and Soft Skills that would help them excel in their profession.
§ To equip students of engineering and technology with effective speaking and listening skills in English.
§ To help them develop their soft skills and interpersonal skills, which will make the
transition from college to workplace smoother and help them excel in their jobs.
§ To enhance the performance of students at Placement Interviews, Group
Discussions and other recruitment exercises.
A. Viewing and discussing audio-visual materials (6 periods) UIT I Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing: (2)
Letter writing – Job application with Resume – Project report – Email etiquette.
UNIT II Presentation skills (1) Elements of effective presentation – Structure of presentation – Presentation tools – Body language.
UNIT III Soft Skills (1) Time management – Stress management – Assertiveness – Negotiation
UNIT IV Group Discussion (1) Group discussion as part of selection process, Structure of group discussion – Strategies in group discussion – Mock group discussions.
UNIT V Interview Skills (1) Kinds of interviews – Interview techniques – Corporate culture – Mock interviews. (Career Lab Software may be used for this section).
Note: Career Lab software may be used to learn the skills, to be applied in the practice session.
B. Practice session (24 periods)
1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing: (4) Students prepare their own resume and report.
Students make presentations on given topics.
Students participate in group discussions.
Students participate in Mock Interviews
TOTAL: 30 PERIODS
1. Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth, Sixth
Edition, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Prakash P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd., Second
Edition, New Delhi, 2004.
3. John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford University
Press, New Delhi 2004.
4. David Evans, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
5. Thorpe, E and Thorpe, S Objective English, Pearson Education, Second Edition, New Delhi 2007.
6. Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addision Wesley
Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998.
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