Anna University Syllabus for ECE 4th Semester

Anna University Syllabus

Anna University Syllabus for ECE  4th semester . Share this with your friends via Facebook , Twitter & Google + . If you have any queries , do post your comments.

ANNA UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS

SEMESTER : IV

REGULATION : R2008

BRANCH : ECE ( ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING )

for ANNA UNIV ,  CHENNAI , TRICHY , TIRUNELVELI , MADURAI , COIMBATOR

SEMESTER IV

 

 

CODE NO

COURSE TITLE

L

T

P

C

THEORY
MA9263 Probability and Random Processes

3

1

0

4

EC9251 Digital Electronics and System Design

3

1

0

4

EC9252 Electronic Circuits- II

3

1

0

4

EC9253 Communication Systems

3

0

0

3

EC9254 Control Systems

3

1

0

4

EC9255 Computer Architecture and organization

3

0

0

3

PRACTICAL
EC9256 Electronics Circuits- II Lab

0

0

3

2

EC9257 Digital System Lab

0

0

3

2

GE9371 Communication Skills and Soft Skills lab

0

0

2

1

TOTAL

18

4

8

27

 

 

MA 9263                       PROBABILITY AND RANDOM PROCESSES                 L T P C

3 1 0  4

 

AIM

To provide the necessary  basic concepts  in probability  and random  processes  for applications   such   as  random   signals,   linear   systems   etc.  in  communications engineering.

 

OBJECTIVES

  • The students will have an exposure of various distribution functions and help in acquiring skills in handling situations involving more than one variable.
  • Able to analyze the response of random inputs to linear time invariant systems.

 

UNIT I              RANDOM VARIABLES                                                                 9 + 3

Discrete   and  Continuous   random  variables   –  Moments   –  Moment   generating functions  – Binomial,  Poisson,  Geometric,  Uniform,  Exponential,  Gamma,  Weibull and  Normal distributions – Functions of a random variable.

 

UNIT II             TWO-DIMENSIONAL  RANDOM VARIABLES                                9 + 3

Joint distributions – Marginal and Conditional distributions – Covariance – Correlation and Linear regression – Transformation  of random variables –  Central limit theorem (for independent and identically distributed random  variables).

 

UNIT III            RANDOM PROCESSES                                                               9 + 3

Classification  – Stationary process – Markov process – Poisson process – Random telegraph process.

 

UNIT IV           CORRELATION AND  SPECTRAL DENSITIES                             9 + 3

Auto-correlation   functions   –  Cross-correlation   functions   –  Properties   –  Power spectral density – Cross-spectral density – Properties.

 

UNIT V             LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS                               9 + 3

Linear  time  invariant  system  –  System  transfer  function  –  Linear  systems  with random inputs – Auto-correlation and Cross-correlation  functions of input and output

– White noise.

L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL : 60 PERIODS

 

TEXT BOOKS

1.   Ibe,   O.C.,“Fundamentals    of   Applied   Probability   and   Random   Processes”, Elsevier,  1st Indian Reprint, (2007).

2.   Peebles,  P.Z., “Probability,  Random  Variables  and Random  Signal Principles”, Tata McGraw Hill, 4th edition, New Delhi, (2002).

 

REFERENCES

1.  Yates, R.D.  and Goodman, D.J., “Probability and   Stochastic Processes”, John  Wiley  and Sons,  2nd edition, (2005).

2.  Stark, H. and Woods, J.W., “Probability and Random Processes with

Applications to Signal Processing”, Pearson Education, Asia, 3rd edition, (2002).

3.  Miller, S.L. and Childers, D.G.,“Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing and Communications”, Academic Press, (2004).

4.  Hwei Hsu, “Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of Probability, Random

Variables and Random Processes”, Tata McGraw Hill edition, New Delhi, (2004).

 

EC 9251 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND SYSTEM DESIGN L T P C
3 1 0  4

UNIT I

BASIC CONCEPTS AND COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS

9

Number Systems – n’s complement –Codes –  Sum of products and product of sums,

Minterms   and   Maxterms,   Karnaugh   map   and   Tabulation   method   –   problem formulation             and                       design of             combinational             circuits,      Adder,      Subtractor, Encoder/decoder, – three state devices, Priority Encoder, Mux/Demux, Code- converters, Comparators, Implementation  of combinational logic using standard ICs, ROM, EPROM and EEPROM – Coding of Combination Circuits in verilog.

 

UNIT II             SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS                                                                    9

Flip flops – SR, JK, T, D, Master/Slave  FF, Triggering  of FF, Analysis  of clocked sequential circuits – their design, state minimization, moore/mealy model, state assignment, circuit implementation, Registers- shift registers, Ripple counters, Synchronous counters, Timing signal, RAM, Memory decoding, Semiconductor memories  -  Feedback  sequential-  Circuit  analysis  and  design-  sequential  circuit design with verilog.

 

UNIT III            FUNDAMENTAL  MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS                              9

Stable, Unstable states, output specifications, cycles and races, state reduction, race free  assignments,  Hazards,  Essential  Hazards,  Pulse  mode  sequential  circuits, Design of Hazard free circuit

 

UNIT IV           MEMORY, CPLDs AND FPGAs                                                          9

ROM, Read/Write memory – Static RAM, Dynamic RAM, PAL, PLA, CPLD – FPGA XL 4000  –

CLBs   –   I/O   Block   –   Programmable   Inter   connects–   Realization   of   simple combinational and

sequential circuits

 

UNIT V             LOGIC GATES                                                                                   9

Logic   families-   TTL,   NMOS,   CMOS,   BiCMOS   logic-Electrical   behavior-static, dynamic-CMOS input and output structures-CMOS  logic families -low voltage CMOS logic & interfacing-Bipolar logic Realization of NAND and NOR logic.

 

L : 45, P: 15  TOTAL : 60 PERIODS

 

 

TEXT BOOKS

1.      Morris Mano, “ Digital logic ”, Prentice Hall of India, 1998

2.      John. F. Wakerly, “Digital design principles and practices”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition, 2007 .

3.      Charles H. Roth, Jr, “Fundamentals of Logic Design”, Fourth edition, Jaico

Books, 2002

 

REFERENCES

1      William I. Fletcher, “An Engineering  Approach to Digital Design”, Prentice- Hall of India, 1980

2      Floyd T.L., “Digital Fundamentals”, Charles E. Merril publishing company, 1982

3      Jain R.P., “Modern Digital Electronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1999.

EC 9252                                        ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS II                         L T P C

3 1 0  4

 Anna University Syllabus for ECE

UNIT I              FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND STABILITY                                        9

Basic  feedback  concepts  –  Properties  of  Negative  feedback  –   Four  feedback topologies  with  amplifier  circuit.  Examples  – Analysis  of series  – shunt  feedback amplifiers – stability problem – Frequency compensation.

 

UNIT II             OSCILLATORS                                                                                  9

Barkhausen  criteria  for oscillator  – Analysis  of RC oscillators  – Phase  shift Wein bridge  oscillators  –  LC  oscillators  –  Colpitt,  Hartley,  Clapp,  Crystal  ,  Armstrong, Franklin and Ring Oscillators

 

UNIT III            TUNED AMPLIFIERS                                                                        9

Basic principles  – Inductor  losses  – Use of transformers  – Single  tuned  amplifier frequency analysis – Amplifier with multiple tuned circuits – Cascade – Synchronous tuning   –   Stagger   tuning   –   Stability   of   tuned   amplifiers   using   Neutralization techniques.

 

UNIT IV           MULTIVIBRATORS  AND TIME BASE GENERATORS                        9

Switching characteristics of transistors – Bistable, Monostable and  Astable operation

– Collector coupled and Emitter coupled  circuits – Schmitt trigger – Voltage  sweep generators – Current sweep generators

 

UNIT V             RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES                                              9

Halfwave and fullwave rectifiers with filters – Ripple factor – Series Voltage Regulator analysis and design – IGBT – working and characteristics – AC voltage control using thyristors  – SMPS  –  DC/DC  convertors  – Buck,  Boost,  Buck-Boost  analysis  and design.

 

TEXT BOOKS


L:45,T:15 TOTAL:  60 PERIODS

1     David .A. Bell, Solid state pulse circuits, Prentice Hall of India,1992.

2.   F. Bogart Jr. Electronic Devices and Circuits 6th Edition, Pearson Education,

2007.

 

REFERENCES

1.  Paul Gray,  Hurst, Lewis, Meyer,” Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated

Circuits”, 4th Edition ,. John Willey & Sons 2005

2 . Behzad Razavi, “Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits”, Tata  McGraw

Hill, 2007.

3   Donald .A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design –2nd edition,Tata

McGraw Hill, 2007.

4.  Adel .S. Sedra,   Kenneth C. Smith, Micro Electronic circuits, 5th Edition,Oxford

University  Press, 2004.

5.  Muhammed H.Rashid power electronics Pearson Education / PHI , 2004

6.  Jacob Millman, Taub  Pulse, Digital and Switching Waveforms 2nd Edition 2007

EC 9253                                    COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS                        L T P C

3 0  0 3

 

UNIT I                ANALOG MODULATION                                                                   9

Amplitude  Modulation  – AM, DSBSC, SSBSC, VSB – Angle modulation – PM and

FM –Modulators and Demodulators – Fourier Transform of modulated signals.

 

UNIT II             RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS                                                        9

Noise sources and types – Noise figure and noise temperature – Noise in cascaded systems –  Single tuned receivers – Superheterodyne receivers

 

 

UNIT III            BASEBAND TECHNIQUES                                                                9

Review  of  low  pass  sampling   –  Quadrature   sampling   of  Bandpass   signals  – Quantisation   –  Uniform   and  non-uniform   quantisation   –  Quantisation   noise  – Companding laws of speech signals – PCM, DPCM, DM, ADPCM and ADM Multiplexing – TDM (E and T lines), FDM

 

UNIT IV           BANDPASS SIGNALING                                                                    9

Geometric representation of signals – Correlator and matched filter – ML detection – generation and detection, PSD, BER of coherent BPSK, BFSK, QPSK – Principles of QAM – Structure of non-coherent receivers – BFSK, DPSK.

 

UNIT V            NOISE PERFORMANCE                                                                    9

Narrow band noise – PSD of in-phase and quadrature noise – Noise performance in

AM systems – Noise performance in FM systems – Pre-emphasis and de-emphasis

– Capture effect, threshold effect.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS

1.   J.G.Proakis,  M.Salehi,  “Fundamentals  of  Communication  Systems”  –  Pearson

Education 2006

 

REFERENCES

1.   B.Sklar,  “Digital  Communications  Fundamentals  and Applications”  2/e Pearson

Education 2007

2.   S.Haykin, “Communication Systems” 3/e, John W iley 2007

3.   B.P.Lathi,  “Modern  Digital  and  Analog  Communication  Systems”,  3/e,  Oxford

University Press,2007

4.   D.Roody, J.Coolen, “Electronic Communications”, 4/e PHI 2006

5.   H P Hsu, Schaum  Outline  Series  – “Analog  and Digital Communications”  TMH

2006

 

EC 9254                                    CONTROL SYSTEMS                                     L T P C

3  1 0 4

 

UNIT I              CONTROL SYSTEM MODELING                                                        9

Basic  Elements  of  Control  System  –  Open  loop  and  Closed  loop  systems  - Differential equation – Transfer function, Modeling of Electric systems, Translational and rotational  mechanical  systems  - Block diagram reduction  Techniques  - Signal flow graph

 

UNIT II             TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS                                                            9

Time response analysis – First Order Systems – Impulse and Step Response analysis of second order systems – Steady state errors – P, PI, PD and PID Compensation, Analysis using MATLAB

 

UNIT III            FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS                                               9

Frequency Response – Bode Plot, Polar Plot, Nyquist Plot – Frequency Domain specifications  from the plots – Constant  M and N Circles  – Nichol’s Chart – Use of Nichol’s   Chart   in   Control   System   Analysis.   Series,   Parallel,   series-parallel Compensators – Lead, Lag, and Lead Lag Compensators, Analysis using MATLAB.

 

 

UNIT IV            STABILITY ANALYSIS                                                                      9

Stability,  Routh-Hurwitz   Criterion,  Root  Locus  Technique,   Construction   of  Root Locus,  Stability,  Dominant  Poles,  Application  of  Root  Locus  Diagram  -  Nyquist Stability Criterion – Relative Stability, Analysis using MATLAB

 

UNIT V            STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS                                                           9

State space representation of Continuous Time systems – State equations – Transfer function  from  State  Variable  Representation  – Solutions  of  the  state  equations  - Concepts  of  Controllability  and  Observability  –  State  space  representation                                                         for Discrete  time  systems.  Sampled  Data  control  systems  –  Sampling  Theorem  – Sampler & Hold – Open loop & Closed loop sampled data systems.

 

L:45,T:15 TOTAL:  60 PERIODS

 

 

TEXT BOOKS

1.     J.Nagrath  and M.Gopal,”  Control  System Engineering”,  New Age International

Publishers, 5th Edition, 2007.

 

REFERENCES

1.    Benjamin.C.Kuo,   “Automatic   control   systems”,   Prentice   Hall   of   India,   7th

Edition,1995.

2.    M.Gopal,  “Control  System  –  Principles  and  Design”,  Tata  McGraw  Hill,  2nd

Edition, 2002.

3.    Schaum’s  Outline  Series,’Feedback  and  Control  Systems’  Tata  McGraw-Hill,

2007.

4.    John  J.D’azzo  &  Constantine  H.Houpis,  ’Linear  control  system  analysis  and design’, Tata McGrow-Hill, Inc., 1995.

5.    Richard  C. Dorf  & Robert  H. Bishop,  “ Modern  Control  Systems”,  Addidon  – Wesley, 1999.

 

 

EC 9255             COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION             L T P C

3 0 0  3

 

UNIT I              INTRODUCTION                                                                                9

Computing  and  Computers,  Evolution  of  Computers,  VLSI  Era,  System  Design- Register  Level, Processor  Level, CPU Organization,  Data Representation,  Fixed – Point Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing modes.

 

UNIT II             DATA PATH DESIGN                                                                         9

Fixed     Point     Arithmetic,     Addition,    Subtraction,     Multiplication     and     Division, Combinational  and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm, non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm

 

UNIT III            CONTROL DESIGN                                                                            9

Hardwired  Control,  Microprogrammed  Control,  Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit, Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing, Nano Programming.

 

UNIT IV           MEMORY ORGANIZATION                                                                 9

Random  Access  Memories,  Serial  – Access  Memories,  RAM Interfaces,  Magnetic Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory, Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.

 

UNIT V            SYSTEM ORGANIZATION                                                                  9

Communication  methods,  Buses,  Bus  Control,  Bus  Interfacing,  Bus arbitration,  IO and  system  control,  IO  interface  circuits,                                             Handshaking,     DMA  and  interrupts, vectored  interrupts,  PCI interrupts,  pipeline  interrupts,  IOP organization,  operation systems, multiprocessors,  fault tolerance,  RISC and CISC processors,  Superscalar and vector processor.

 

 

TEXT BOOKS


TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

1.   John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill Third edition, 1998.

2.   V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer

Organisation“,  V  edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.

 

REFERENCES

1.   Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.

2.  Paraami, “Computer Architecture”,  BEH R002, Oxford Press.

3.  P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of

India, 2007.

4.  Miles J. Murdocca and Vincent P. Heuring, Principles of Computer Architecture, Printice Hall, 2000

5.  G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.

EC 9256                        ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS – II LAB                             L T P C

0 0 3  2

1. Design and  Analysis of feeback Amplifiers

2.

Design of RC Oscillators

3.

Design of LC Oscillators

4.

Design and frequency response of Tuned Amplifier

5.

Design of Astable Multivibrator

6.

Design of  Monostable Multivibrator

7.

Design of Schmitt trigger, hysterisis

8.

AC voltage control using thyristors

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

 

 

 

EC 9257                                        DIGITAL SYSTEM LAB                               L T P C

0  0 3  2

 

1       Implementation of simple Boolean expression using universal gates

 

2       Priority encoder

 

3       2 to 4 MUX and implementation of combination logic

 

4       JK and RS flip flop implementation using logic gates

 

5       Synchronous up/down counter

 

6       BCD ripple counter with 7 segment display

 

7       Ring counters

 

8       Data transfer using shift registers

 

9       Half adder and Full adder

 

10       Binary 4 bit parallel adder

 

11.      System Design using VeriLog

 

 

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

 

GE 9371 COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND SOFT SKILLS L  T  P C
FIFTH / SIXTH SEMESTER 0  0  2  1

 

 

AIM

To enhance the overall capability of students and to equip them with the necessary

Communication Skills and Soft Skills that would help them excel in their profession.

 

OBJECTIVES

§       To equip  students  of engineering  and  technology  with  effective  speaking  and listening skills in English.

§       To help them develop their soft skills and interpersonal skills, which will make the

transition from college to workplace smoother and help them excel in their jobs.

§       To  enhance   the  performance   of  students  at  Placement   Interviews,   Group

Discussions and other recruitment exercises.

A.   Viewing and discussing audio-visual materials                             (6 periods) UIT I   Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing:                                                                                 (2)

Letter writing – Job application with Resume – Project report – Email etiquette.

 

UNIT II            Presentation skills                                                                          (1) Elements of effective presentation – Structure of presentation – Presentation tools – Body language.

 

UNIT III           Soft Skills                                                                                       (1) Time management – Stress management – Assertiveness – Negotiation

strategies.

 

UNIT IV           Group Discussion                                                                          (1) Group discussion as part of selection process, Structure of group discussion – Strategies in group discussion – Mock group discussions.

 

UNIT V           Interview Skills                                                                               (1) Kinds of interviews – Interview techniques – Corporate culture – Mock interviews. (Career Lab Software may be used for this section).

 

Note: Career Lab software may be used to learn the skills, to be applied in the practice session.

 

B.   Practice session                                                                             (24 periods)

 

1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing:                                                  (4) Students prepare their own resume and report.

 

2. Presentation Skills:

Students make presentations on given topics.

(8)

 

 

3.

Group Discussion:

Students participate in group discussions.

(6)

 

4.

Interview Skills:

Students participate in Mock  Interviews

(6)

 

TOTAL: 30 PERIODS

 

REFERENCES

1.     Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth, Sixth

Edition, New Delhi, 2007.

2.     Prakash P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd., Second

Edition, New Delhi, 2004.

3.     John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford University

Press, New Delhi 2004.

4.     David Evans, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

5.              Thorpe, E  and Thorpe, S Objective English, Pearson Education, Second Edition, New Delhi 2007.

6.     Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addision Wesley

Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998.
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